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Is Hydrogenated Oil In Skin-Care Products Bad For Your Skin? I hope Pat read your comment. Though I always find a motherlode of intelligent and useful info here, this is my Number One favorite type of article on TIA! I used both and I could not tell the difference in terms of effects on my skin. http://www.cosmeticskinsolutions.com/, I recently started using Cosmetic Skin Solutions C + E Ferulic Serum on my 55 yr old combination and very sensitive skin. One reason Dr. Pinnell argues it is still best to buy Skinceuticals CE Ferulic is because a pH of 3.5 or lower is required for optimal activity (Dermatologic Surgery), and his patent requires no CE Ferulic serum to have a pH between 2.5 and 3.0 (Patent 20050154054). If you have a real address that can be verified, please post it. I reponded with "So, is it NOT the MAP form of Vitamin C, correct?" It's between 2.0 and 3.5 and they use the lower ph. All these results in about 2 weeks for this little price! The shipping address listed on the package is merely a FedEx store. I took mine to my dermatologist and she said it is the amount of the ingrediate which makes it expensive. If you probe into where exactly the CSS facilities are, you'll come up empty handed. can you find a twin for Eclogite Viper Milk??? I was thinking I might return the C and try this one. Why won't you spill the beans either? Unfortunately and fortunately Skinceuticals is way better than CSS. Their customer support is useless. Any stabilized Vitamin C will do the same thing. Although the formula is made up of only 4 ingredients, it manages to be effective in both hydrating and repairing skin… Skinceuticals … Skin Care Is Not Just About Beauty – It Is Also About Health, Home » Anti-Aging » Cosmetic Skin Solutions vs. SkinCeuticals C E Ferulic. Skinceuticals has a patent on the ph. The lack of transparency really makes me question the legitimacy of the company. There is a tremendous amount of false information spread about propylene glycol. thank you for comparing both brands. I was a few clicks from ordering the SkinCeutical product last night. Well, I also emailed and got a response, but now I'm a bit perplexed (nothing new here)... This. Thank you Marta and Marsha! Thanks. fast forward 3 days and in a short time i noticed my skin 'brighten and liven ' up....i love this..thank you v much to TIA and all its supporters in the feedback If it's such a legitimate facility, why can't people say where it is? Style, Beauty, Anti-Aging, & Health for Women in Their Hot-Flash Years! Please view here:http://www.cosmeticskinsolutions.com/Product-List/Vitamin-C-E-Serum-Advanced-Formula.html. Cosmetic Skin Solutions C E Ferulic is colorless and odorless while SkinCeutical C E Ferulic is not. However, a quick pH test demonstrates that most of the competitive serums have a pH between 3.0 and 3.5 – low enough to be effective, but not so low so as to violate the pat… It has been found to act synergistically with other antioxidants and, specifically, renders vitamins C and E more powerful. The Skinceuticals CE Ferulic serum has been shown to work in clinical studies, which means they've got the formulation correct. New to SkinCeuticals so far - great results. A Duke University study found it particularly good for preventing sun damage, and studies elsewhere have demonstrated that exposure to ultraviolet light actually increases the antioxidant power of ferulic acid. The flagship serum Skinceuticals CE Ferulic ($142) was a bestseller until a copy cat came along called Cosmetic Skin Solutions at a mere cost of $39.95 (read more on these product twins). I looked at CSS vitamin c product line and read they produce only fresh vitamin C's....which makes me to believe the SC samples I tried was expired. What is the exact formulation of the current CSS CE Serum? I have combination skin which is sensitive and I also have mild rosacea. why don't you show the %'so for all the ingredients. Often, companies that don't use the ingredient will market mis-information they find as a tactic to make their own products that don't use propylene glycol more appealing to consumers. The samples were a brownish color, is it suppose to be like this, and isn't brown a sign of oxidized vitamin C? Links to purchase the products featured in this post: Timeless … Thanks! I have tried several very expensive serums that my skin did NOT like! Additional reference can be found here: I would love to see a comparison article for SC Phloretin & CSS Phloretin serums. This product is unbelievable! Hi Suz, I contacted CSS about this and they confirmed that they use L-ascorbic. As a matter of fact when Vitamin C turns orange it has oxidized, that means it is old and exposed to light. I tried Skin Solutions C+E serum. For all the naysayers- you should give it a try! Hello Select your address Cyber Monday Deals Gift Cards Best Sellers Customer Service New Releases Find a Gift Whole Foods AmazonBasics Sell Registry Coupons Free Shipping #FoundItOnAmazon … I didn’t know each product could be identical. EXPAND THIS BOX FOR MORE INFO!! I will update if I can get more information about this cheaper version of SkinCeuticals. And if the CSS reproduce their method they expose herself a legal poursuit. In the book 'Cosmeceuticals and Active Cosmetics, Third Edition', the authors write about the very careful balancing act required when putting together an antioxidant formulation and show the beneficial results of the Skinceutical's product. Cosmetic Skin Solutions tied Timeless in efficacy, was almost as good on price, ingredients and feel, but loses big in the stability department. I too believe Skinceuticals gives a better result. Whether this is meaningful or not, I have no idea! Who doesn't want to save money?? Sign up for our newsletter to get the latest product reviews and save 10% on all orders over $50, Water, Ethoxydiglycol, 15% L-Ascorbic Acid, Propylene Glycol, Glycerin, Laureth-23, 1% Alpha Tocopherol, Phenoxyethanol, Triethanolamine, 0.5% Ferulic Acid, Panthenol, Sodium Hyaluronate. It is found on our e-commerce website. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Propylene_glycol i just got my bottle of CSS CE +ferulic three days ago and hurriedly cleansed my face (w/purity - Philosophy) and applied the new serum. So there is no difference in pH between these two products either. Thanks! I believe Cosmetic Skin Solutions CE Ferulic is between 3 - 3.5. They are the exact same formulas. why would anyone buy any product with propylene glycol in it--------------------------poison! No successful resolution. No idea. http://www.cosmeticsdatabase.com/ingredient.php?ingred06=705315 Marsha, please see my response to Suz. Skinceuticals costs $142 and Cosmetic Skin Solutions costs $39.95. If so, I'm disappointed in SC, Shame on you for selling expired products.....btw expired products can damage our skin not help it........Off to CSS in a hurry................. There are also many other options for vitamin C, such as ascorbyl tetraisopalmitate or magnesium ascorbyl phosphate that are cheaper because they're not patented by one particular company. Can you verify if the PH level of this serum is safe to use on skin. (Thank you, Marta and Marsha!) Is this product okay for sensitive skin? Cosmetic Skin Solutions Hydra B5 Gel 29.95. I am 41 and have been using this for a year. Hi Sonali, I am sorry but I don't know what the pH level of this formula is. I say unfortunately because Skinceuticals CE is way expensive and at the same time fortunately because the product really works. But being alerted to "price fakeouts" on what turn out to be fairly generic products is a valuable service. I have both sera from Skinceuticals and by Cosmetic Skin Solutions tried and couldn't find a difference in my skin in the effect. Anyone who tries contacting CSS will encounter the same lack of transparency. The ingredients are identical to the more expensive Skinceuticals C+E serum … I cheaped out and ordered the Cosmetic Skin Solutions Vit C+E Serum and did not receive the item. Cosmetic Skin Solutions … I called several times and sent an email about this matter, but no one will answer my questions. The lists of the ingredients can all compare themselves and form their opinions on this. And lastly, are their products packaged in a bottle with a box or just a bottle? Cosmetic Skin Solutions C E Ferulic: rated 4 out of 5 on MakeupAlley. My … Maybe using both on off days would be good, that way you still get the stronger product... Tracy, orange color and thicker consistency does not equate to better quality. As to the type of Vitamin C, it states L-ascorbic acid on the product. Practically dupes at very … The only thing that isn’t the same is the price. Heading to CSS right now. Statements about toxicity and irritation potential of propylene glycol, such as are found in the Cosmetics Database, are notably based on high exposure levels - far above that of any exposure we would typically encounter in consumer products. Thank you Marsha for the comparison of both products and vital information on the antioxidant benefits of Vitamin C, E, and ferulic. I am impressed on the improvement and complexion of my skin. I can't speak for the quality of the product itself, but the customer experience speaks volumes about how they run their company (and probably how they make their product too). The Ferulic is there to stabilise the L-Ascorbic acid in the formulation. Well, as much as I hate to be the bearer of bad news, I must inform everyone: these two products are not product twins! PERFORMANCE. Another effective, affordable serum is Drunk Elephant’s Day Serum. However, the fact that Cosmetic Solutions Vitamin C + E Serum contains half the amount of vitamin E of FutureDerm CE Caffeic 16+2 and Skinceuticals CE Ferulic concerns me, because vitamin E has many proven effects in the skin… Economically, and in today's recession, people are becoming more smarter by saving $$ and not purchasing overpriced skin products because SC's prices are just flat out ridiculous at least for my budget. Guaranteed this product will be gone soon, unless CCS can show that the patent is not valid. There is an online recipe for the dupe of the CE serum. Best regard, Thanks Marsha & Marta for the information. I thought it was the SkinMedica Tri-Retinol Complex I just purchased.I stopped using that for a few days and it seemed to be getting worse until I called the spa and she told me it could be the C, and said to use every other day on both products until my skin adjusted.I stopped using it everyday and it did clear up quickly and now it seems to be better. It has better packaging, too. Our team is committed to excellence in the scientific field of developing clinically-validated cosmeceutical antioxidant skin care products! The only negative is the price. I applied both products on my face and compare the results. Anyone can throw chemicals together but not everyone can get the conditions and delivery mechanism perfect. ). Other formulas may use … Meanwhile SC's sera is dark amber, I had to expose of it. See 16 member reviews and photos. Hi Marta, Is this product available in South Africa? It is more beneficial for the skin to receive less of an active ingredient over a longer period of time than more of an ingredient over a less amount of time. Vitamin C is highly unstable and furthermore has to be kept at a certain pH to have any efficacy. I'm sure that that's not a safe level and can harm your skin. I know where the production facility is and it's very ptofessional. Same ingredients =/= same effectiveness. I'm wondering the same thing. Regardless of this. If and when I compare the pH of this and SkinCeuticals … Referring to the Post from Elyse regarding the form of C that is in the newer "Twin". Ingredients in Cosmetic Skin Solutions C + E Ferulic Serum:Water, Ethoxydiglycol, L-Asorbic Acid, Propylene Glycol, Glycerin, Laureth-23, Alpha Tocopherol, Phenoxyethanol, Triethanolamine, Ferulic Acid, Panthenol, Sodium Hyaluronate. In my mid 40s and combating early signs of aging I needed to up my skin care game. On the CSS website, the ingredients list has changed and is different that was is published at the bottom of the article... an effect since their lawsuit with L'Oreal? After using it for a very brief time it has made a very noticeable improvement in my skin. I'm a scientist and I think I understand what the reason might be. Thanks to Marsha really. How do you determine propylene glycol to be poison? Has anyone ever used Obaji before? The only thing that isn’t the same is the price. Cheaper Alternatives of the Star Products II - SkinCeuticals C E Ferulic, 7 Less Known but Top Notch Beauty Products. Check out our website for more details. Although I once again revamped my skincare routine, the brightness is dramatic, my pores utterly disappeared and it really brightened my under eye area! Also, while the addition of more antioxidants and nutrients in the formula, there is not … At 62 years young, I have been told for years from friends, dermatologists and aestheticians that I have beautiful skin and I see no difference since I have switched to CSS. Hi all, Sometimes simple really is better, such as in the case of Cosmetic Skin Solutions Vitamin B5 Serum. The is no way to justify the price for the Skinceuticals product. Hi Pat, I make handmade serums and want you all to know a better way of handling the highly unstable L-ascorbic acid. The Cosmetic Skin Solutions version of Vitamin C+E with Ferulic acid is shipped world wide including South Africa. Cosmetic Skin Solutions C E Ferulic Ingredients: I dont want to break your dreams about CSS but currently Skinceuticals is the only brand who have patented vial L-absorbic acid stabilization Anyone have a clue here? Unfortunately for Cosmetic Skin Solutions the Skinceuticals formulation is patented and L'Oreal, who owns Skinceuticals is taking them to court for patent infringement. This really irritates me; how can you claim to be an authority on chemical safety if you can't even keep the names straight (and probably don't even know what a IUPAC name is)? We just released a new alternative to the Skinceuticals CE Ferulic serum under the QRxLabs brand. Detailed information about the toxicity and safety of propylene glycol can be found here: How Skinceuticals CE Ferulic (which we reviewed last year) justifies the $100 difference is unclear. It is well worth much more but I sure do appreciate this money saving wonder for my face :). I LOVE this CSS serum! They spend extraordinary time, effort & resources making this stuff. And believe me, the difference in price is a marketing strategy: Skinceuticals products are excellent, but we are paying the novelty, marketing campaigns, samples and required profit margin. I must give accolades to Marta and this website for this column for saving me soooooo much mula! Ingredients in Skinceuticals CE Ferulic:Water, Ethoxydiglycol, 15% L-Ascorbic Acid, Propylene Glycol, Glycerin, Laureth-23, 1% Alpha Tocopherol, Phenoxyethanol, Triethanolamine, 0.5% Ferulic Acid, Panthenol, Sodium Hyaluronate. “As indicated on the website descriptions per each antioxidant serums and onthe label under "Ingredients", L-Ascorbic acid is used as our form of Vitamin C.” Our new Vitamin C+E / Ferulic Acid Serum is very similar to the CE Ferulic product, but it comes in a new innovative packaging featuring a squeezable bottle with a sealed controlled dropper that minimizes air circulation and therefore oxidation. Fly-by-night operation? Not ingredients but the way they are formulated so that they penetrate the skin and deliver the active molecules. I compared all of the ingredients and found them to be the same but I am no chemist so I can't speak for those comparisons. Water/Aqua/Eau, L-Ascorbic Acid (Topical Vitamin C), Propylene Glycol, Ethoxydiglycol, Butylene Glycol, Laureth-23, Zinc Sulfate, Glycerol, Alpha Tocopherol (Vitamin E), Triethanolamine, Ferulic Acid, Phenoxyethanol, D-Panthenol, Hyaluronic Acid. The cheaper brand cannot go as low as skinceuticals and therefore, product does not have the same delivery. Not Good. What are the percentages of vitamins C, E and ferulic acid? Marta has discussed the differences between MAP and L-acorbic acid previously in other posts. question: CSS directions states to apply the serum in the morning- can you use it as a nighttime serum as well? Massage for Puffy Eyes – Inward or Outward? I was curious about the "stabiized vitamin C" referred to in the ingredient list posted on the CSS website so I wrote to the company. Discover the go-to vitamin C serums that top dermatologists and beauty editors swear by. At the request of my readers, I tested the pH of Cosmetic Skin Solutions C E Ferulic Serum. COSMETIC SKIN SOLUTIONS IS NOW SOLD THROUGH AMAZON AND SO IS SKINCEUTICALS! The only missing link is the percentage of Ferulic Acid. (How to make Google Chrome show RSS page? Jonathan stated this "We use the acidic form of L-ascorbic acid that is readily soluble which has a high absorption rate into the skin" It's fishy and unfortunately the reason I won't buy from them again. Skinceuticals CE Ferulic is a far superior product. Thanks for watching! If your skin can tolerate high concentrations of Vitamin C without problems, opt for Timeless 20% Vitamin C + E Ferulic Acid Serum instead. This results in extended life for the product with maximum effectiveness. My understanding is that propylene glycol is potentially toxic if consumed in large quantities (which is the case with most ingredients) but as it is typically used in cosmetics and food, is in-fact, safe. Why won't anyone representing CSS provide a real, complete address for the company headquarters and facility where the product is made? So is the CSS have the same ingredients they maybe not effective as Skinceuticals. The "local" number goes to off-site operators who will not tell you exactly where they are located either. Also has anyone who has ordered from Australia had any problems with Aus customs confiscating their CSS products/ parcel? The Ferulic Acid is not there as an active ingredient, that part is just MARKETING. Cosmetic Skin Solutions This is a good alternative to SkinCeuticals and comes at a much lower price. SkinCeuticals C E Ferulic Ingredients: Is. About | Contact | Disclosure | Privacy Policy | Copyright © 2020 BeautyOutsider.com - All Rights Reserved. Like the SkinCeuticals serum, this $17 dupe is formulated … Helpful how-tos and reviews from Marta and friends. So, a … And that is the only difference I can tell. Then where is it, Jtruth? Here is the current full ingredient list for CSS CE Serum: Can either CSS & SCCE products be used during pregnancy? Thank you, TIA (Marta) Yes, it is expensive but well worth it. With a pH of 3.3 – 3.5, there is big difference in performance relative to SkinCeuticals and Cosmetic Skin Solutions. Is basically a diference of PH, but in the end, its almost the same efects. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. I've found evidence neither in the data nor in two years of daily use of PG toxicity (systemic or local) at typical concentrations. The price is certainly great and the spa is more than happy to accommodate me if I was not happy with the product. I know this is an old column but I have to convey how thankful I am....a few months back I was feeling rather low do I decided to go surf the net and shop. When it comes to actives like Vitamin C, there is more to it than just ingredients. Stabilized ascorbic acid compositions and methods - Issue date: Feb 20, 2007. Contrary to the ingredient lists in this post, they do NOT both contain L-ascorbic acid. I should add TIA's two cents with our posts on propylene glycol: in our ingredients database http://truthinaging.com/ingredients/propylene-glycol and What is it: propylene glycol http://truthinaging.com/uncategorized/what-is-it-propylene-glycol. I also have used both. The consistency of the products is very similar for me and are barely distinguishable. Cosmetic Skin Solutions C E Ferulic is colorless and odorless while SkinCeutical C E Ferulic is not. CSS is much more of a "watery" consistency, and Skinceuticals is darker orange in color and more on the "thicker" side. I don't want to use their Phloretin CF because of the high % of denatured alcohol which would surely dry out my skin. There is no affiliation with the company- it's a medical textbook. I was concerned that these two products were really the same so I wrote down the … I first heard of Cosmetic Skin Solutions’ Vitamin C+E serum on Twitter. Darrell, thank you for posting such a well-reasoned and informative comment. I started with the Retinol 0.3 to get my skin … First, SkinCeuticals uses vitamin C as L-ascorbic acid, the only form of vitamin C that prevents transepidermal water loss, meaning it keeps moisture in your skin. Suddenly they aren’t available. Johnathan, their chemist, wrote back that it is actually a vitamin C derivative called magnesium ascorbyl phosphate (MAP). I just finished my 2nd bottle and will buy another. Timeless 20% C + E + Ferulic Acid Serum. ... try Cosmetic Skin Solutions. I know there are some confusions and doubts about the serums from Cosmetic Skin Solutions versus SkinCeuticals. Love it! Hence, the price difference. i've always been a silent yet voracious reader of this site..i hope to try more products...i believe that living and looking well is part of the path to happiness. That being said, the pH of CSS is still within the effective range, it's just not the optimal range for LAA. My skin has remained even toned, sun spot free, and still looks radiant. This is a great find! http://dockets.justia.com/docket/new-york/nysdce/1:2011cv02017/376868/ It is about 3. For myself, I was lead to believe SC's ce was the only one on the market, but it was too late and I picked up a sample set at an online store last year. They are the exact same formulas. I buy my L-ascorbic acid at lotioncrafters.com. He added that the confusion may have come about because “one reader may have asked about MAP, and our explanation was the difference between it and L-Ascorbic acid as Vitamin C crystals.”. ... My skin does not really react well to topical Vitamin E, so I don't use it often but use it sometimes. Jacie raved about it and that it is comparable to the very popular Skinceuticals’ C E Ferulic serum but at a much lower … I have been so pleased with the results and money I have saved!! I am currently using both products and also find as reviewer Ham has that Skinceuticals is better than CSS....It comes out of the bottle looking different. MAP and SAP are superior forms of vitamin c because they will be stable for a longer period. Bioavailability is the degree and rate a substance is absorbed into the skin … The TIA community consists of our trusted reviewers. Skinseuticals comes clean and states 0.5%; ISS is silent. Skinceuticals vs Cosmetic Skin Solutions PACKAGING AND APPEARANCE. I have a not-uncommon skin condition called Malassezia folliculitis, and, improbably, propylene glycol is by far the best treatment I've found for it. As you can see at the end of this post, the ingredient lists of C E Ferulic Serums from these two brands look the same, both claiming that they have 15% of stabilized Vitamin C, 1% Vitamin E, and 0.5% ferulic acid. So I am skin care junkie and product reviewer, and now to the question I frequently get the e-mail. If both products are the same why CSS did not list the ingredients percentage? I have search information about that big price diference beetwin the 2 brans and same produc, and in this page, its cleared. Hi, Not feeling confident about putting their stuff on my face now. A post shared by SkinCeuticals (@skinceuticals) on Sep 30, 2018 at 9:01am PDT “One of the trade-offs of filing a patent is that the method for creating the product must be revealed. Free shipping on all domestic orders over $49, The honest truth about beauty & personal care products. With use of Cosmetic Skin Solutions sera, I had after two weeks of sun, not a single wrinkle wrinkles, on the contrary, the skin looks fresh and radiant from (I confess it has also something to do with being on holiday...). Update on the comparison as a product reviewer. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Inspiring thoughts and women who are aging gracefully. I liked the texture of how it glides on smoothly and absorbs quickly. Jacqui, do come back and tell us how you like CSS. Gave me the run-around and offered nothing but a sympathetic ear. Cosmetic Skin Solutions, LLC - SkinCeuticals knock-off? skin tone looks very smooth, no visible hyperpigmentation. Hello! Availability. Well no actually, Cosmetic Skin Solutions makes exactly the same claims on its bottle. Skinceuticals costs $142 and Cosmetic Skin Solutions costs $39.95. I have also noticed that CSS has taken the Vitamin C + E Serum out of their webpage. I will update if I can get more information about this cheaper version of SkinCeuticals. Thanks to Marsha, I have discovered a new set of product twins – identical ingredients in differently branded and, often, very differently priced products. Both are very effective, the Skinceuticals is only SLIGHTLY more effective. A lil over 2 weeks I purchased a few CSS products and have been using the 20% AOX product everyday since, sometimes twice/day. And, since I know you are dying to ask, Marsha is very pleased with the results of Cosmetic Skin Solutions. And that is the only difference I can tell. Statements about the toxicity of ß-propylene glycol and ethylene glycol are often taken out of context and inaccurately used to describe propylene glycol, which becomes some of the greatest source of mis-information. And also remarkable is that the Perhaps it is by listing the concentrations of the three actives: vitamin C at 15%, vitamin E at 1% and ferulic acid at 0.5%. I have used Skincueticals products for probably 20 years and decided to try the CSS twin products - specifically C+E serum, Hydra B5 & Phyto Botanical. I was searching sites for the best price when I first came across this website, specifically this column. Thanks for the info about how wonderful CSS ce ferulic is compared to SC's version of it. Personally I would stick to the one that has shown efficacy. Skinceuticals holds the patent on stabilized ascorbic acid compositions, the ideal formulation with maximum bioavailability with the least likelihood of irritation at a low pH. Just leave out the vitamin C and add it fresh every day. I don't know everything about it, but they have scientists in suits I've seen them. Shop the 29 best vitamin C serums for brighter, glowing skin in 2020. It says on the front of the bottle that it contains 15% L-Ascorbic Acid. Earn Rewards, get samples, Sign up and SAVE today. JUNE 2010. Good at any price perhaps, but I know which one I’d buy. They say you get what you pay for. Since I left my last review back in May on the comparison, I am completely satisfied and convinced that Cosmetic Skin Solutions CE Ferulic has much better advantages than SC's version. I read reviews and one lady said that she checked the ph level at home( using PH testing strips) and it was 0! Cosmetic Skin Solutions C+E is one of the more affordable serums available and one of the best-sellers here at Best Vit C Serum. As a greaseball (my skin,I mean), I'm not planning to buy either, although they have gotten good reviews for other skin types. So I wonder why their chemist would say that the vitamin C is magnesium ascorbyl phosphate, unless they have changed their formula?? It looks luminous! I like Skinceuticals CE Ferulic but it makes me breakout like crazy, so I'm sure the CSS would give me the same results:( Otherwise, this is great news for people without acne-prone skin. The very best to choose from for your skin concerns. Ferulic acid, by the way, is a great ingredient. Water, Ethoxydiglycol (solvent), L-Ascorbic Acid (vitamin C), Propylene Glycol (humidifying and delivery ingredient), Glycerin (humidifying and skin-identical ingredient), Laureth 23 (emulsifier), Alpha Tocopherol (vitamin E), Phenoxyethanol (solvent and preservative), Triethanolamine (pH balancer), Ferulic Acid (antioxidant that also enhances the stability of vitamins), Panthenol (moisturizer – alcohol form of vitamin B), Sodium Hyaluronate (moisturizing skin-identical ingredient). CSS uses L-ascorbic acid. As a research scientist, I always avail myself of MSDS and other safety data before testing out new products and ingredients. Besides degarding from sunlight and oxygen exposure, it is even more unstable and prone to degrading when mixed in a serum. Patent number: 7179841 The ingredients are the same, but the % of the ingredients isn't listed in CSS. The actual manufacturing cost is below $10. Water, Ethoxydiglycol (solvent), L-Ascorbic Acid (vitamin C), Propylene Glycol (humidifying and delivery ingredient), Glycerin (humidifying and skin-identical ingredient), Laureth 23 (emulsifier), Alpha Tocopherol (vitamin E), Phenoxyethanol (solvent and preservative), Triethanolamine (pH balancer), Ferulic Acid (antioxidant that also enhances the stability of vitamins), Panthenol (moisturizer – alcohol form of vitamin B), Sodium Hyaluronate (moisturizing skin-identical ingredient).

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